Essay International Labor Law and Globalization

This essay was part of the subject `International Labor Law and Globalization┬┤ and had to meet the following requirements and was rated:

  • Independent research paper on a topic of my choice
  • Relation to (a) law, (b) labor law and (c) international labor law
  • 2,000 words (max. 2,500)
  • Specific question: specific social or legal problem
  • Structure of the work:
    • Literature essay, no qualitative or quantitative collection of data
    • Legal research ((a) describe, (b) explain, (c) predict)
    • Use of relevant research material (sources and documents)
  • Concise and precise spelling without losing the depth of reasoning
  • Clear and critical presentation of problems (arguments, instruments, processes, or decisions)
  • Identification of solution(s), guideline(s) or recommendation(s)

I decided to take a closer look at the newly implemented algorithm of the AMS (Austrian Labor Market Service) and how it affects the long-term labor market and the Austrian economy concerning the employment of men and women.

This essay was graded with 8.0 by Dr. S.J. (Bas) Rombouts, which is a very good two in the Austrian clef.
Furthermore, he provided me with the following feedback:

  • Interesting paper about a very topical issue: to what extent can algorithms contribute to unequal treatment?
  • Well documented: use of different relevant sources from different disciplines
  • A clear research question, which is sufficiently narrow to deal with appropriately (specific element of the male reference group specifies your research goal)
  • Use of examples makes complex theory much more comprehensible
  • A clear analysis in the conclusions, with clear (and contextualized) personal perspectives on how to safeguard equality

Dr. S.J. Rombouts
Associate Professor
Tilburg University, Tilburg Law School
Department of Labour Law and Social Policy

As with any work, project, or presentation, I had to decide what to focus on in this essay. I decided on the most significant topic (discrimination against women), as this covers half of all affected persons, and a solution to the problem would achieve the highest possible benefit and effect for these people.
Nevertheless, and because of the word limit, I was unable to point out some problems, arguments, and other relevant laws, this includes points like:

  1. AMS employees can reject and change the classification of the algorithm.
  2. All IT-related topics that could reduce bias in an algorithm due to the reference group as well as the previous employment numbers are not discussed.
  3. The ILO Convention No. 100 (Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951) is not mentioned, which was ratified by Austria on October 29, 1953 (ILO website).
  4. The long-term implications of the labor market and the economy are only briefly addressed.
  5. The long-term scientific development and innovative capacity of the country are not discussed.
  6. The disregard of existing national and international laws (legally binding as well as not binding) is not outlined.